Cotton - Elastane
- Category: Sheddo News
ELASTANE:SPANDEX - LYCRA
Nowadays, there are plenty of fabrics on the market, but elastane is one of the most common ones. We bet everyone has at least one item that contains this material, that’s why we decided to get you more acquainted with it.
So, briefly, what is elastane? Elastane is a term for an incredibly elastic synthetic fiber also called “spandex” and “lycra”. It is made from polyether-polyurea fiber copolymer and was invented by Duponts company. Manufactures widely use it to combine it with other fabrics, for example, with wool, to bring more elasticity to it.
Ready to explore? Then off we go!
What fabric is elastane?
Elastane (can be called “spandex” and “lycra”) is a synthetic polyurethane fabric that is similar in its main characteristics to rubber.
Suppose we are talking about elastane and its properties, in that case, we have to mention that today it is rarely used in its pure form – exclusively in combination with other varieties of synthetic and natural fibers(with cotton, polyester, and much more).
It is usually included as a part of viscose, cotton, silk, or knitwear garment, which improves their characteristics.
It was produced in the 50s of the last century in the United States. After that, polyurethane threads began to be actively produced in European and Asian countries.
The history of elastane
The material was invented in the 1950s by the American chemist J. Shivers in Delaware State.
This scientist was an employee of the DuPont company, which manufactures synthetic materials (nylon, teflon, kevlar).
For a long time, Shivers studied thermoplastic elastomer, which, when heated, became stretchy and became plastic. As a result, elastane was created, and the company starts to make durable fabric with a density of no more than 1.3 g / cc. cm.
Initially, the material was used to produce corsets, and in the 1960s – for sewing sportswear.
Soon, the fabric gained popularity, they began to make everyday wardrobe items from it, and then festive ones.
How to call elastane correctly?
Lycra, spandex linel, dorastan, and elastane are all fabrics made from polyurethane but produced by different companies. You cannot say that these are some radically different materials, these are brands, brands of fibers.
For example, many types of elastane are called lycra. Invista, the brand owner, defends its trademark and emphasizes that elastane should not be called lycra. For comparison, Dolce & Gabbana clothes cannot be called “Chanel”, although their properties may be similar.
In the US , the word “spandex” is used to name elastane, which we get as a result of rearranging the letters in the word “expand”. Sometimes in the US, we use a synonym for this word – “vairin”. In Europe, the name “lycra” is widespread.
What is elastane made of ?
Elastane fibers are segments that are interconnected by elastic “bridges” – such type a connection does not allow the fabric to tear during stretching and wearing.
When you use a microscope, the structure of the material looks porous and airy.
Polyurethane elastane fibers can be produced in several ways:
The result is a soft, smooth, silky and cool fabric that wraps around the skin like water.
Elastane can be dyed in absolutely any color, filled with a pattern, or left unicolored.
How to use elastane fabric?
Bright stretchy things attract us with their unusual appearance and versatility.
For example, elastane turtlenecks can be bought without trying on – you should only remember desired sleeve length.
Elastane is also suitable for people who save their time and prefer not to iron their clothes.
Even those rare wrinkles on your favorite dress will disappear quickly when you wear your clothes on. And that why we are in love with elastane.
Elastane can be used for:
Elastane is a smooth and shiny fabric. Clothes that are made from it look smart, festive, and modern.
7 Main care rules for elastane fabric
The first and foremost idea is always – check the label first before
How It Is Produced
To begin with, we need to admit that elastane is a general term used for fabrics or yarns that can be easily stretched. Elastane fibers are man-made and they are always used in conjunction with other fibers but never alone.
To be precise, elastane consists of polyurethane (that is very stretchy) and polyethylene glycol, and due to such content, elastane can achieve a total elongation of more than 700%!
When compared to other popular fabrics like polyester, cotton, and nylon, the elastane has certain significant distinctions that are good to know to be able to choose the proper item in a store.
Different types of elastane fabric
The elastane (spandex, lycra) has a lot of varieties.
Any polyurethane fabrics can be differentiated in this way.
Here are types of elastane based on their stretchability:
Elastane can be mixed with these fabrics
The main advantages of elastane
The main disadvantages of elastane
Contact us for any questions you have about Sheddo® products by email or phone at the details below:
M. Antipa str 126, Ilioupolis, 16345, Greece